Organization: National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA)
These guidelines were established to increase safety and performance for individuals engaged in physical activity, especially in warm and hot environments. The risks associated with exercise in the heat are well documented, but policies and procedures often do not reflect current state-of-the-art knowledge. Many cases of exertional heat illness are preventable and can be successfully treated if onsite personnel identify the condition and implement appropriate care in a timely manner. Strategies to optimize proper care of dehydration, exertional heat stroke (EHS), heat exhaustion, heat cramps and exertional hyponatremia are presented here. This consensus statement was developed by medical/scientific experts experienced in the prevention, recognition and treatment of exertional heat illnesses.